Indigenous Health and Wellness

The HNHB LHIN works with Indigenous1 communities for improved health and wellness. The LHIN has a responsibility to learn about and respect Indigenous communities’ approach to health and wellness. Respect for and inclusion of Indigenous traditional practices with non-traditional health services is essential for health solutions aligned with cultural identity, holistic health and community values.

Did you know?

  • The Indigenous population has lower incomes, lower life expectancy and higher rates of illness, compared to the average Canadian.
  • There are two reserves in the LHIN: Six Nations of the Grand River Territory and Mississaugas of the New Credit First Nation.
  • Approximately half of the LHIN’s Indigenous population lives on-reserve.
  • In 2009, the total registered Indigenous population living on or off-reserve in the HNHB LHIN was 24,000, or 1.7% of the total LHIN population2.
  • Population data for non-status, Métis, and Inuit Indigenous populations are not precise; people are mobile, homelessness is high and some Indigenous persons choose not to self-identify.

Indigenous Health and Wellness

Indigenous health and wellness is guided by the relationships among three concepts: the Aboriginal LifecycleIndigenous life cycle, holistic health, and healing continuum.

  • The Indigenous life cycle explains life through the passage of stages which are celebrated and correspond to the four directions, seasons, elements and gifts. It reflects the reciprocal relationships of individuals, families, nations, communities and the environment.
  • Holistic health embraces the physical, mental, emotional and spiritual attributes of the individual, family and community.
  • The continuum of care, or healing continuum, includes health promotion, prevention, treatment and curative programs and services, and rehabilitation.

Learn More

SOADI - Our Roots, Our Health Projects


1. In the context of HNHB LHIN planning and initiatives, the term ‘Indigenous Peoples’ is used to refer to First Nations, Métis and Inuit Peoples. Click here for more information about terms used to describe Indigenous Peoples in Canada.

2. First Nations Peoples in Ontario: A Demographic Portrait. Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, Health System Information Management and Investment Division. Health Analytics Branch, January 2009